Quick Start Guide
Getting these dependences is easiest using a package manager.
Mac OS X
You’ll need Xcode with command line tools installed. To get the command line tools, use:
Install dependences using homebrew:
1 2 3
brew install autoconf automake libtool python3 brew install boost double-conversion gflags glog libevent openssl jsoncpp brew link openssl --force
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (64-bit)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
sudo apt-get install \ g++ \ automake \ autoconf \ autoconf-archive \ libtool \ libboost-all-dev \ libevent-dev \ libdouble-conversion-dev \ libgoogle-glog-dev \ libgflags-dev \ liblz4-dev \ liblzma-dev \ libsnappy-dev \ make \ zlib1g-dev \ binutils-dev \ libjemalloc-dev \ libssl-dev \ libiberty-dev \ libjsoncpp-dev
Download, Build and Install
Get ReDex from GitHub:
git clone https://github.com/facebook/redex.git cd redex
Now, build ReDex using autoconf and make.
autoreconf -ivf && ./configure && make sudo make install
Optionally, you can run our unit test suite. We use gtest, which is downloaded via a setup script.
1 2 3
./test/setup.sh cd test make check
To use ReDex, first build your app and find the APK for it. Then run:
redex path/to/your.apk -o path/to/output.apk
With any luck, the result
output.apk should be smaller and faster than the
Right now we have a limited amount of documentation which describes a few example Redex optimization passes as well as deployments of Redex (including Docker).
I’m getting “Couldn’t find zipalign. See README.md to resolve this”
zipalign is an optimization step that is bundled with the Android SDK. You
need to tell redex where to find it. For example, if you installed the SDK at
ANDROID_SDK=/path/to/android/sdk redex [... arguments ...]
You can alternatively add
zipalign to your PATH, for example:
PATH=/path/to/android/sdk/build-tools/xx.y.zz:$PATH redex [... arguments ...]
My app fails to install with
After you run redex, you’ll need to re-sign your app. You can re-sign manually using these instructions: http://developer.android.com/tools/publishing/app-signing.html#signing-manually.
You can also tell redex to sign for you. If you want to sign with the debug key, you can simply do:
redex --sign [ ... arguments ...]
If you want to sign with your release key, you’ll need to provide the appropriate args:
1 2 3 4
--sign Sign the apk after optimizing it -s [KEYSTORE], --keystore [KEYSTORE] -a [KEYALIAS], --keyalias [KEYALIAS] -p [KEYPASS], --keypass [KEYPASS]
How does this compare to ProGuard?
ReDex is conceptually similar to ProGuard, in that both optimize bytecode. ReDex, however, optimizes .dex bytecode, while ProGuard optimizes .class bytecode before it is lowered to .dex. Operating on .dex is sometimes an advantage: you can consider the number of virtual registers used by a method that is an inlining candidate, and you can control the layout of classes within a dex file. But ProGuard has many capabilities that ReDex does not (for example, ReDex will not remove unused method parameters, which ProGuard does).
In our opinion, comparing ReDex and ProGuard is a bit apples-and-oranges, since we have focused on optimizations that add value on top of ProGuard. We use both tools to optimize the Facebook app. Our reported performance and size improvements (about 25% on both dex size and cold start time) are based on using ReDex on an app already optimized with ProGuard. We have no plans to measure performance without ProGuard.
How about DexGuard?
DexGuard operates on dex, but we haven’t evaluated it at all since it’s closed source. We don’t use it at Facebook and we have no plans to start.
The blog Optimizing Android bytecode with ReDex provides an overview of the Redex project.
Issues on GitHub are assigned priorities which reflect their urgency and how soon they are likely to be addressed.
- P0: Unbreak now! A serious issue which should have someone working on it right now.
- P1: High Priority. An important issue that someone should be actively working on.
- P2: Mid Priority. An important issue which is in the queue to be processed soon.
- P3: Low Priority. An important issue which may get dealt with at a later date.
- P4: Wishlist: An issue with merit but low priority which is up for grabs but likely to be pruned if not addressed after a reasonable period.
ReDex is BSD-licensed. We also provide an additional patent grant.